Oranienbaum (Lomonosov) is a small city located in 40 kilometers away from St. Petersburg, Russia. Its a suburb of northern capital – Lomonosov city, it was previously named Oranienbaum. Here is situated a museum that includes a real masterpieces of achitecture of 18th century. These picturesque territories at the shores of Gulf of Finland found Alexander Menshikov who decided to build here his country residence. So that is how was built a new Palace that looked even more impressive than the Palalce of Peter 1 in Peterhof.
A beautiful Lower Garden also appeared near the Palace. In 1727 Menshikov got in deportation and all his property including Oranienbaum became Emperor’s authority. In 1743 the Oranienbaum was given as a gift by the Empress Elizabeth Petrovna to her son –future Emperor of Russian Peter 3. So he built a new area in Oranienbaum nabed Petershadt. There were added a fortress and a Palace. A new period of building started in Oranienbaum when the authority of the country became Empress’s Catherine 2.
The Empress made an Oranienbaum her summer residence and made here a picturesque Palace named “A private villa”. The main peculiarity is that the main part of parks and palaces in Oranienbaum were not ruined during the Second World War. That is why all the buildings here are original, the same as in Pavlovsk and Tsarskoye Selo. Now on this territory there are several attracts such as the Great Palace and the Lower Garden, Petershadt and the Peter Palace, Peter’s Park, A Private villa with its main buildings, A Chinese Palace.
Oranienbaum is still supposed to be one of the most beautiful suburbs of St.Petersburg. In 1948 this city was given the name of the famous russian scientist Lomonosov, because not far away there was located his laboratory with production of colored glass.
The Great Palace was built by his first owner Menshikov in 1710-1727. By its size and decoration it was one in St.Petersburg and its suburbs. It was located on a hill, that is why you have an impression that the Palace is over the shore. Down to sea there go terraces. Peter 3 changed the interiors of the Palace. The eastern pavillion got its name as a Japanese according to 200 of japanese and chinese items that were added to its interior.
The Lower Garden is a real work of art, it is a part of the Great Palace. In the center of the Garden were added balconies with flowers, that were surrounded by flowers and many different kinds of trees. In the Garden there were lot’s of fountains and sculptors also.
Petershadt Fortress was by built by Peter 3 also in Oranienbaum. Unfortunately the Fortress was ruined till nowadays, though before it represented by itself a powerful building with towers and bridges and surrounded with basin of water. It was ruined so quickly because its main material was wood. So the only thing that is left till now are the Honour Gates.Though a stone Peter Palace was saved till nowadays and almost didnt changed. In this Palace Peter 3 in 1762 refused from the throne.
Petrovkiy Park reminds a small, cute and cosy place of nature that was created in 19th century. So the main attraction of the Park represents the Lower and the Upper ponds. The main peculiarity of the Park is waterfalls, which make it look more picturesque.
The Upper Park is divided tnto two parts – the eastern part, where is situated Petershadt, and western part, where “A Private villa” is situated. The modern look of the Upper Park – it is created landscape in the middle of 19th century. The main charm to the Park give bridges and achitectural buildings.
The main buildings of “A private villa” are the Chinese Palace, the Pavillion of natal Mountain, the Chinese Kitchen. The Chinese Palace that was created by Antonio Rinaldi by the order of the Catherine 2, became a real miracle of it speriod. Modern achitects called it as a Miracle to all Miracles.
The Palace was decorated with oil paintings, sculpture, silk, golden decoration and many other works of art. So the decoration of 19th century remained unchanged. About this city, its history and development there were written many good books, scientific works, publicistic and artistic books.
The city lived and bloomed with its achitectural forms, cultural and religion buildings and monuments. And this all happened thanks to amazing and wonderful people who lived and created this beauty of the Earth.